The Story of the Augusta National Golf Club by Clifford Roberts

March 1, 2015

A good way to combat depression during a cold and snowy winter is to read about Augusta National, to anticipate the spring, and the brilliance that is the Masters. This month we return to the fountainhead to gain insights into Augusta National co-founder Clifford Roberts, author of The Story of the Augusta National Golf club, published in 1976.

Returning to the source is rewarding and Roberts offers many interesting insights into the formation and running of the club. Of particular note are the detailed chapters describing his relationship with President Eisenhower and their friendship over the years. Roberts was such a trusted advisor that he ended up serving as trustee of Ike’s estate after his death. The book also features a nice collection of black and white photos of the club’s history including one of Bobby Jones’s final round of golf, some nice images of founding member Grantland Rice and of the Berckmans family.


Roberts is a good storyteller and gives insights into the inner workings of the club and describes the origins of many of their traditions including the awarding of the first green jacket, which was only instituted in 1949. The club opened during the Great Depression while prohibition was still the law of the land. The official course opening was beset with poor weather, or as Roberts described it, “Miserably bad, both wet and cold, but most of the party went ahead and played golf despite the conditions. One thing that stimulated their determination was tents at the first and tenth tees, each with a keg of corn whiskey.”

Roberts describes why the club decided to use Pinkertons for security, because the club had no fence around the property and people could just walk onto the club grounds without a ticket. The Pinkertons were needed to enforce the buying of badges since the local police knew too many patrons and were lax at enforcing the rules. Difficult as it is to believe today, both Augusta National and the Masters has a difficult time gaining traction in the early years. As Roberts describes it, “To accurately describe the state of our club’s finances…one would have to use the old saying about being only one jump ahead of the sheriff.”

Another astonishing fact, especially in today’s era of thousand dollar Masters tickets on StubHub, is that television broadcasts of the tournament was blacked out within 200 miles of the course between 1956 and 1969 to help spur ticket sales, which were anemic for many years.


Bobby and Cliff were traditionalists and wanted their club to follow suit, as Roberts describes, “The club’s operation was to be kept as simple as possible, on the order of golf clubs in England and Scotland, with no living quarters.” As famed as the on-property cabins are today, they were not a part of the original design of the club and were added out of necessity, “During 1945, however, it was realized that the Augusta National was doomed unless the club provide living quarters on the grounds. This was something we did not at all want to do, but we were forced by unforeseen circumstances to undertake such a program.”

The book contains hand-drawn black and white illustrations of various early Augusta National members including Alfred Severin Bourne (a founding member of the club and heir to the Singer Sewing Machine Company), Burton F. Peek (a founding member and chairman of Deere and Company), Clarence J. Schoo (a manufacturer from Massachusetts), John W. Herbert (an attorney and Judge from New Jersey), Bartlett Arkell (founder of the Beech-Net Company) W. Alton Jones (CEO of Cities Services, today’s Citgo), Melvin A. Traylor (head of the First National Bank of Chicago) and Charles H. Sabin, CEO of the Guaranty Trust Company). Focusing a spotlight on members and their backgrounds is certainly something the secretive club would not do today.
Roberts is a difficult historical figure to get insights into and The Story of the Augusta National is as in depth a look at the man as you will find. His rigid personality comes through, but the book also features warm writing about employees of the club. Roberts displays a real affection for the loyal service and dedication of early club employees. He writes about his own journey as well, “I have fared reasonably well, despite never being willing to make an all-out effort. The making of lots of money never seemed as important as traveling extensively and retaining some independence…I have no regret about lost business opportunities. In all truthfulness, my life has been so enriched by the working association and joyous companionship of Bob Jones and Ike, and many other Augusta National members, that I consider myself to be far richer today than could have been possible by any other measure of success. Briefly state, I’ve been overpaid.”

The Story of the Augusta National Golf Club was published in two editions by Doubleday, Garden City. A limited edition with no limitation cited (D & J R11110) that includes a slipcase and a standard trade edition (D & J R11080). Later editions were also produced, including a 1993 reprint.

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Robert Trent Jones biography – A Difficult Par

February 1, 2015

A new biography, A Difficult Par, written by James R. Hansen, focuses on the life and work of Robert Trent Jones Sr. The subtitle of the book, “The Making of Modern Golf” indicates the prominent role Jones has played over a career that spanned an astonishing seventy years. A shameless self-promoter, Jones used to boast that the “Sun never sets on a Robert Trent Jones golf course.” Over his lifetime, Jones designed or remodeled over 400 golf courses.

Hansen’s book, at 484 pages, is detailed. He had access to the “Robert Trent Jones Collection,” an archive of hundreds of thousands of documents that would fill the equivalent of 280 filing cabinet drawers. The title of the book is derived from Jones’s design philosophy of “Hard Par, Easy Bogey.” Among Jones’s better known courses are Valderrama, Spyglass Hill and Peachtree in Atlanta, which he co-designed with Bobby Jones.



Jones began his career at a difficult time, working as the Great Depression was gripping the country. As a result, he was not paid for the first several works he did. He teamed up with Canadian architect Stanley Thompson early in his career, and his inchoate genius came into view when he did the routing for the Capilano Golf & Country Club in Vancouver. He then took on a series of assignments for the WPA to sustain himself until the economy improved.

Jones is credited with advancing the “heroic” school of golf course architecture, a distinct style that blends elements of both the strategic and penal styles. Among the innovations Jones help to advance were long tee boxes, which allowed a course to be shortened or lengthened with ease.

Jones developed a reputation as the “Open Doctor” after his much criticized work at Oakland Hills in preparation for the 1951 U.S. Open. The current view of golf courses designed during the Jones era—including many of his works—is not kind. Concepts that are derided today such as a course having a “signature hole” were created by Jones.

One of his most significant contributions to the game was made during his 1946 alterations at Augusta National. He opened up the eleventh hole to play straightaway (previously it was a dogleg right). He also dammed Rae’s Creek on the 11th and 16th, greatly enhancing both holes. He was at the height of his prowess at his time; two years later he was brought in to make changes at both the National Golf Links of America and Winged Foot.

DSCF9211-001A young Robert Trent Jones, Sr.

Hansen’s best work is in areas that are lesser known, in particular the creation of the secretive Vidauban course near the French Riviera, which nearly bankrupted Jones. The original concept at Vidauban was to build three golf courses, 3,000 condominiums and two large hotels. Hansen also describes in detail the complicated (and tense) relationships among Jones and his sons Rees and Robert, Jr. Another interesting story Hansen relates is the fact that Jones was present at a Coup d’état attempt on the King of Morocco, who he designed the Royal Dar Es Salaam course for. While he was on the property armed soldiers starting shooting at the palace and captured the King for a period of time. Jones was held by the armed captors during the harrowing event.

Hansen is a professor at Auburn University and wrote a bestselling biography about Neil Armstrong. He covers his subject in depth, and the book fills an important void in the history of golf course architecture, giving detailed insights into someone so well known that most golfers recognize him simply by his initials: RTJ.

Although Jones wrote an autobiography, Golf’s Magnificent Challenge, in 1989, A Difficult Par fills a void in the history of the game and can proudly take its place among the golf course architect biography section of a golfer’s library alongside The Captain, The Toronto Terror, Tillinghast, The Life and Work of Dr. Alister Mackenzie, Tom Morris of St. Andrews and Discovering Donald Ross.

A difficult par was awarded the USGA’s 2014 Herbert Warren Wind Award in recognition of its high standard of achievement in golf literature.

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Tommy Armour – The “Silver Scot”

January 1, 2015

The Scottish born Tommy Armour is responsible for two unique words in the golfer’s vocabulary. Three-time major winner Armour was the first person to coin the phrase the “yips.” His definition was, “A brain spasm that impairs the short game,” and unfortunately it—the word and the affliction—sticks with us today. The Silver Scot worked at a variety of world-class clubs over his career including Westchester Country Club, Medinah and Tam-O’-Shanter. At one point he was teaching at Winged Foot—where he was a long-time member—in the summer and during the winter he served as the pro at the Boca Raton Club.
His three majors were in three different tournaments: The U.S. Open in 1927 at Oakmont, the Open Championship in 1931 at Carnoustie and the PGA Championship, in 1930 at Fresh Meadow in Queens. Armour lost his vision for six months in World War I while serving in the Tank Corps with the Black Watch Highland Regiment. He was caught in a mustard gas attack and later regained vision in his right eye only. The war left many scars on Armour; he also had eight pieces of shrapnel that were never removed from this shoulder.

tommy Armour

 The Silver Scot pictured on the cover of his instructional book

The second word he contributed indirectly—and involuntarily—was at the Shawnee Open in 1927, Armour scored the first ever “Archaeopteryx” (15 or more over par). He made a 23 or 18-over par on a par-five, one of the worst scores for a single hole in tour history. This infamous performance happened just one week after winning the U.S. Open.

When Armour won his 1927 U.S. Open at Oakmont he was the professional at the Congressional Country Club in Maryland, and to celebrate his victory the membership give him a Marmon Roadster as seen below. Has a golf professional ever looked so dapper, wearing white pants, plus fours and a pocket hanky? I think Armour outdoes both Walter Hagen and Bobby Jones, two pretty dapper fellows in their own right.



Armour pictured in 1927 in front of his Marmon Roadster at Congressional Country Club

Armour’s contribution to the golf library include How to Play Your Best Golf All the Time in 1953 (D & J A9650), A Round of Golf with Tommy Armour in 1959 (D & J A9570) and Tommy Armour’s ABC’s of Golf in 1967 (D & J A9685). All three books are instructional in nature. Although the books sold well, Armour had the misfortune of writing instructional titles at a time when the best in the genre was published, Ben Hogan’s Five Lessons. During this period, however, Armour was known as one of the best teachers of the game. There was also a flicker book published about Armour in 1932, Long Iron (D & J A9660), and two small softcovers in the 60s: Play Better Golf: the drive (D & J A9665) and Play Better Golf: the irons (D & J A9670). Books signed by Armour fetch of premium of about $250.00

In his biography of Ben Hogan, James Dodson describes Armour in a rather uncharitable fashion as a “red-faced, heavy-drinking Scotsman who allegedly once hurled his irons in disgust from the Firth of Tay railroad bridge.”

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The Greatest Player Who Never Lived

December 18, 2014

The Classics of Golf has just re-released The Greatest Player Who Never Lived, written by J. Michael Veron. We have always recommended the book, as it is one of the best in a difficult genre.

greatest player


I was also thrilled to be asked to write the Foreword to the book and as I wrote.” The Greatest Player succeeds in a perilous genre because Veron combines all the key elements in a nuanced way. There is a detailed history that adds significantly to the story without becoming pedantic. It doesn’t hurt that he chooses Bobby Jones and the Masters as a backdrop, subjects of universal appeal. Nor does it hurt that he conjures up an interesting scenario with a down home Southern character. Since lawyers are incapable of writing a mystery without courtroom drama, Veron also includes his own blow-by-blow rendition with a spine tingling finale. Top it off with interesting vignettes about golf during the Roaring Twenties and Great Depression, and you have a page turner.”

The book can be purchased on the Classic of Golf website and would make a great gift for Christmas!

The New Confidential Guide to Golf Courses

December 7, 2014

We have come full circle in our newsletter and return for the first time to a book that was previously reviewed. The Confidential Guide to Golf Courses was the subject of our first newsletter in October of 2005; the book has always anchored an important part of the golf library, notably the golf course architecture critique section. Most golf books don’t fit into the “reference” category, but the Confidential Guide does. Owners of the Confidential Guide find, as I do, that the book is pulled from the shelves frequently.

As noted in our original review of the book, there have been multiple versions and editions starting with author Tom Doak’s first effort in 1988, which was printed on a dot-matrix printer and hand-bound. This was followed by a hard cover limited edition of a thousand copies, without pictures in 1994, and finally an all-encompassing standard trade edition in 1996, which included color pictures.

Confidential Guide to Golf - CGG

 After eighteen years, Tom decided it was time for an update and launched a more ambitious undertaking. The newly released edition of the book is the most comprehensive, and includes coverage of scores of new courses, some recently built, and some that have been around for decades. The new edition is so far ranging that it will be issued in five volumes, broken down by different geographic regions. The first of the five was just issued and provides in-depth coverage of Great Britain and Ireland. The philosophy behind breaking the book into smaller and more digestible subjects is to ensure it will be usable, rather than being a big tome sitting on a coffee table.

At 180 pages, the latest edition is much more of a travel guide than the prior editions, although that is not a completely fair description of the book, it remains a useful primer in course architecture and in the history of the game.

The new version of The Confidential Guide is a collaborative effort, and Tom has selected respected and thoughtful partners in the endeavor. In addition to offering his own views—and numerical rankings, based on the Doak Scale of 0 through 10—he also includes the opinions of his three wise men. They are: Ran Morrissett, the founder of Golf Club Atlas, and as Tom rightly points out, Ran is a first-class writer and analyst of golf courses; Masa Nishijima, a writer for golf magazines in Japan and a widely traveled aficionado of golf courses; and Australian Darius Oliver, the creator of the Planet Golf books and Web site, and another insightful observer.

The original Confidential Guide was written when Tom was a brash young architect just starting in the business, and his honest and opinionated views help to define his career and raise his visibility. Since he now runs one of the most successful golf design businesses in the world, with scores of highly acclaimed courses under his belt, some interesting questions arise: Has he mellowed with age, and would he tone down his opinions of courses he didn’t like? Would the same critical eye be used, or would success spoil the man? Would working with three collaborators dilute the effort?

Happily, he has not mellowed and the work is not diluted—it is enhanced by the others. The same sharp, insightful and incisive comments that made the Confidential Guide such a treat all these years is still there, even as he assesses the work of his contemporaries. All four authors rank courses they have seen or played, adding a much deeper dimension to the book, since it offers multiple—and varied—opinions of courses. It also allows for differing viewpoints and serves the purpose of reinforcing courses that are universally acknowledged as the best, such as Carnoustie and Royal Dornoch.

By way of example, Cruden Bay is still ranked very highly (by all four men), and its quirkiness is celebrated. And mercifully, it ranks higher than nearby Trump International, which the book rightly points out has, “…got a long way to go to be the best course in Aberdeen, before he [Trump] worries about conquering the world.” It is nice to see an objective voice which is distinctive from the we-love-every-course-in-the-world reviews that the golf magazines print. I am sure Martin Hawtree is not particularly thrilled with Tom’s comments pointing out certain design elements lacking in the new course, and I give him credit for having the guts to state his opinion and not water down the effort.

Other delightfully quirky aspects of the original books remain including the Gourmet’s Choice of favorite courses of each of the authors; the Gazetteer, an eclectic look at the best of whatever whimsical categories he chooses—including those with the biggest dunes, the most blind shots, schizophrenic courses, etc.

Rounding out the world, future editions will include: Vol. 2: The Americas, and will focus on winter destinations, essentially courses in the South that you can play during the colder months; Vol. 3: The Americas, covering summer destinations, or courses in the north; Vol. 4 will be dedicated to Europe, the Middle East and Africa and Vol. 5 will focus on Asia, Australia and New Zealand. Adding in Masa and Darius will no doubt give these latter important golfing regions more full coverage than they typically receive from golf books published in the United States.

The plan is to issue one new volume roughly every year. If the other four volumes are done with the same quality and care as this first volume, it will be worth the wait.

For the record, the book does contain one course that Tom assigns his dreaded zero rating to, which is, “A course so contrived and unmatched that it may poison your mind, which I cannot recommend under any circumstances.” In case you didn’t grasp that it is not a worthy course, the description of a zero continues, “Reserved for courses that wasted ridiculous sums of money in their construction, and probably shouldn’t have been built in the first place.” Strong stuff. Let the debate begin!

Website of Valuable Book Group, LLC

The Most Influential Golf Book ever Published

November 1, 2014

What is the most influential golf book ever published? For the last several years we have been compiling a list to find out; a bold undertaking, you might say.

Our approach is more eclectic than scientific, but we believe it yields some interesting insights. We have polled various learned members of the golf community, both living and deceased, to see which books mattered most. For those still in the present we asked a simple question, “What golf book has had the most influence on you?”

Among the twenty-five respondents, we have tried to include a cross-section of experts with a variety of disciplines in order to get a balanced view, including:


  1. Legends of the game – Gary Player, Arnold Palmer, Ben Crenshaw, Tom Watson
  2. Journalists – Lorne Rubenstein, Geoff Shackelford, John Derr
  3. Golf book authors – Jim Finegan, David Owen, Daniel Wexler, Bradley S. Klein
  4. Golf book publishers and editors – Brian Lewis, Darius Oliver, Robin McMillian
  5. Golf course architects – Donald Steel, Mike Hurdzan
  6. Museums – Michael Trostel, curator U.S.G.A. museum
  7. Instructors – Jim McLean, Hank Haney

 For those no longer with us we scoured the literature and looked for mentions and references to books noted. We used quite an illustrious list including Bobby Jones, Herbert Warren Wind, Henry Longhurst, Joe Murdoch and John Updike.

Ben Hogan’s Five Lessons

The most influential book—one that received over twenty-five percent of unprompted mentions—was Ben Hogan’s Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf, which has been influential since it was published in 1957 and continues to be a useful reference even today (especially if you don’t want to hook the ball). Five Lessons received kudos from not only some of the best teachers in the game, but also from professionals and publishers alike. The most valuable and collectible golf books tend not to be instructional and are often times overlooked (by yours truly as well), so it was a bit of a surprise, although it probably shouldn’t have been based on the book’s longevity as an actively published title and its simple approach. It also isn’t surprising if you look at “self-help” books as a killer category today; if you still actually go into bricks-and-mortar book stores notice how much shelf space is devoted to them in all subject areas.

five lessons


Hogan shares credit for the book with Herbert Warren Wind and Anthony Ravielli, who did the great illustrations. The book is an expanded version of a series of articles that first appeared in Sports Illustrated.

I bought a first edition of the book after compiling this list and read through it. Hogan states in the opening paragraph that one of the best shots he ever hit was the 2-iron in the 1950 U.S. Open at Merion to get into a playoff. He says, “I didn’t hit that shot then – that late afternoon at Merion. I’d been practicing that shot since I was 12 years old.” Therein lies one of Ben’s secrets, which is to practice until it hurts. To emphasize the point he even includes an illustration of where your hands should develop calluses from practice!

In our world of instant gratification, where there is a desire for immediate results in all pursuits, how is it a 57-year-old book that encourages you to practice so hard you get calluses is perennially one of the best sellers in the golf category on Amazon? Because what makes the game so fascinating is the difficulty of mastering it and as the title states the fundamentals don’t change.

Five Lessons was published in both a standard trade edition (D & J H19690) and a deluxe edition with a protective slipcase (D & J H19660) by A.S. Barnes. Bolstering the case for Five Lessons being the most influential, Donovan & Jerris state that it had the largest first edition press run of any sports book ever published, with an impressive 200,000 copies in the initial printing.

There were eight additional books that were quite influential and we highlight them below.

Other influential books

Down the Fairway by Bobby Jones and O.B. Keeler (1927) was mentioned by five respondents, given it the highest number of mentions among biographies, which will come as no surprise to my knowledgeable readers. Those mentioning Down the Fairway as having a big influence on them include Arnold Palmer, Tom Watson and Herbert Warren Wind.

bobby down the fairway

Bobby Jones pictured in his auto-biography Down the Fairway

Of the fifty-nine different books mentioned, Herbert Warren Wind’s The Story of American Golf  (1948) also had twenty percent of respondents—five—mentioning it, making it a very influential book, likely the most influential history. Wind also had the most overall mentions to his books, not surprising to me.


There were two books mentioned four times: a strong case can be made that Thomas’s Golf Architecture (1927) is the most influential book in the architecture category; and there is no disputing that C.B. Macdonald’s Scotland’s Gift (1928) made a major contribution to the game. There were four books mentioned three times and fifteen books mentioned twice. Five of the top eight books mentioned were published during the 1920s; not only was it the Golden Age of golf course architecture, it was also a Golden Age of golf writing.

Books receiving three mentions

  • The Spirit of St. Andrews by Alister Mackenzie (1995)
  • Golf Architecture by Alister Mackenzie (1920)
  • Following Through by Herbert Warren Wind (1985)
  • The Clicking of Cuthbert and Other Stories by P.G. Wodehouse (1922)

Golf Architecture Thomas

Among the more interesting responses was one from Gary Player, who mentioned The Power of Positive Thinking by Norman Vincent Peele, published in 1952, as the most influential book that has helped him at golf. I was intrigued by the selection and bought a copy to read, and I must say it was pretty inspirational with its very sunny faith-based outlook.

Respondents were not limited to one book and many mentioned more than one. To see the complete list of responses by individual you can look here:

We will continue to poll various members of the golf world and update our website accordingly as responses are received. We would also like to hear your views on what you think the most influential golf book published was.

Website of Valuable Book Group, LLC

Bandon Dunes – Golf As It Was Meant To Be

October 1, 2014

Bandon Dunes now has a history worthy of its place in the golf world: Bandon Dunes Golf As It Was Meant To Be. As fellow golf book collector and golf course architect Ben Crenshaw writes in the introduction to the book, “When I try to find words for the feeling inspired by the environment of Bandon Dunes, I keep coming back to the same phrase – lonely beauty. It’s links golf, yes, but it’s rugged golf.”

Mike Keiser, the founder and owner of the Bandon Resort wanted to create “dream golf”. As Crenshaw describes him, “he had the pioneer’s drive to go where other’s hadn’t, and to do what other wouldn’t dare. I don’t think it’s a stretch to describe Mike as the classic American type, the rugged individualist.” The book tells the story of the evolution of Bandon as a world-class golf destination.

The 208 page book contains pictures of all 85 holes at the Bandon Resort – from the Bandon Dunes course (designed by David McLay Kidd), Pacific Dunes (Tom Doak), Bandon Trails (Coore & Crenshaw), Old MacDonald (Doak and Urbana) and from the thirteen hole par three course: Bandon Preserve (Coore & Crenshaw). The photography was done by Bandon based photography Wood Sabold, whose previous works have appeared in various golf magazines and books.


The text of the book is written by Stephen Goodwin who wrote the first book about Bandon Dunes titled Dream Golf. The book is organized into separate chapters that describe each course and give an extended photo tour of each course and its rugged terrain, gorse and coastline. The book was issued in a standard trade edition with a dustjacket, pictured above. It was also issued in a Collector’s Edition, limited to 500 copies. The Collector’s Edition was issued with a clam shell case seen below.


The Collector’s Edition is signed by Mike Keiser, David McLay Kidd, Tom Doak, Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw. The book also comes with five medallions, each an inch and a half in diameter. The medallions have a special place they are inserted into the clam shell box and each highlights one of the five courses. The Collector’s Edition also comes with five hand signed prints, one of each course, hand signed by the photography and suitable for framing, one of which is pictured below.


Goodwin relays some interesting stories about the building of the resort. Mike Keiser is a real student of the game and as the first course was being built, Bandon Dunes, he told the assembled crew that if they built the course right, it would last for 500 years. The man is a visionary and a true lover of the game. Keiser describes my golf heroes as Old Tom Morris, Charles B. Macdonald, William Fownes and George Crump.


Certainly the last three of his heroes fit the benevolent dictator model at National Golf Links, Oakmont and Pine Valley. Keiser seems like a benevolent dictator himself, with the one big exception that his empire was built for the public and is available to all. His vision of walking only in a pure environment seems like a no-brainer now. I’m sure building golf courses so difficult to get to in such a windy area was initially thought to be madness. Thank heavens he did it.

Website of Valuable Book Group, specialists in golf books

A.A. Milne on Golf

September 1, 2014

I’m always amazed at the breadth of authors who have written about golf, be it F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ian Fleming or Agatha Christie. But A.A. Milne, the author of Winnie the Pooh wrote about golf as well? He did indeed. Born to a Scottish father, is it any wonder?

Milne wrote about golf in a charming little book published in 1925 by Methuen & Co, London. Titled For the Luncheon Interval: Cricket and Other Verses. The 64 page book has some entertaining little poems about various summer sports including golf. The verses compiled in the book were originally published in the humor and satire magazine Punch.

Alan Alexander (A.A.) Milne was born in 1882 and died in 1956. He was educated at Cambridge and played a fair amount of golf, in the mid-1920s he mentioned he got “his handicap to 9”.


In his autobiography published in 1939 Milne talks about golf. “To-day, I could be happy without a car, I could be happy without a country cottage, but I shouldn’t be happy if I couldn’t be reckless about golf balls, taxis, the best seats at cricket grounds and theatres, shirts and pullovers, tips, subscriptions, books and wine-lists.” While discussing the creative process of writing Milne says, “I have spent many mornings at Lords [Cricket Grounds] hoping that inspiration would come, many days on golf courses; I have even gone to sleep in the afternoon, in case inspiration came to take me completely by surprise. In vain.”

Milne’s biographer Ann Thwaite mentioned his playing golf at Addington, Royal Wimbledon and Walton Heath and that he played at least on one occasion with Bernard Darwin. He called Walton Heath, “about the most difficult course in London, with heather a foot high on each side of a narrow fairway, and a perpetual wind. I play a terrible lot of golf now – always twice and often 3 times a week, and it’s really time I settled down to work again.” After he moved out of London Milne also played the nine-hole course Holtye golf club in Sussex with his son often. The course was a ten minute drive from his cottage in Sussex which is also located near Royal Ashdown Forest Golf Club.

The three page verse in For the Luncheon Interval is titled The First Tee and is a delightful little story about golfing, a few excerpts are below:

The year’s at the full and the morn’s at eleven,

It’s a wonderful day just straight from Heaven,

And this is a hole I can do in seven –

                                                Caddie, my driver, please


I’ve a beautiful swing that I learnt from Vardon

(I practice it sometimes down the garden –

“My fault! Sorry! I get your pardon!”)—

                                                Caddie, my driver please

Milne has references in the poem to the leading golfers of his day including George Duncan, J.H. Taylor and Harry Vardon. Milne’s most famous line about golf is from The Charm of Golf, published in 1920 in, Not That It Matters, “Golf is so popular simply because it is the best game in the world at which to be bad.” It is an essay about being bad at golf and how it can still be enjoyable, and the eternal hope of getting better. In his very English manner, Milne also compares being bad at golf to being bad at cricket and lawn tennis.

“When he reads of the notable doing of famous golfers, the eighteen handicap man has no envy in his heart…The joy of driving a ball straight after a week of slicing…Every stroke we bad players make we make in hope. It is never so bad but it might have been worse; it is never so bad but we are confident of doing better next time. And if the next stroke is good, what happiness fill our soul. How eagerly we tell ourselves that in a little while all our strokes will be as good. And so, perfectly happy in our present badness and perfectly confident of our future goodness, we long handicap men remain.”

Milne also expresses a universal trust about the game, “Golf is a puzzle without an answer. I’ve played the game for 50 years and I still haven’t the slightest idea of how to play properly.”

Website of Valuable Book Group, specialists in golf books

Golf’s “Inverted Jenny” Books

August 1, 2014

In 1918 the U.S. Postal service produced a new stamp with the image upside down. One sheet of one hundred stamps with an inverted image of a blue airplane escaped detection.  The “Inverted Jenny” has become one of the most valuable and collectible items in the world of philately. What are the equivalents of the “Inverted Jenny” in the golf book world?

Inverted Jenny

Printing a book (or a golf book newsletter :) without errors is a difficult to do endeavor. No matter how many times a book is proof read and checked it is inevitable that errors will occur. Most times, the error is very small, such as a word spelled wrong or incorrect punctuation.

Famous books outside the golf world with errors include Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The first edition contains a minor typo that was corrected in subsequent editions: a mix-up of the word “saw” with “was.” The first editions of the British edition of Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban had a copyright page credited to “Joanne Rowling” instead of J.K. Rowling. This was corrected in subsequent printings. In both cases, the original with errors fetch a premium.

What about errors in golf books? Sometimes the error is caught prior to the book’s publication in which case an “errata slip” is issued with the book, typically laid in. Even the illustrious Donovan & Jerris bibliography on golf books comes with a six page errata slip, showing how easy it is miss some minor items. The 1989 Golf at Merion was issued with an errata slip as well. Typically, since the entire edition was printed with the error there is no issue of scarcity and thus usually no enhanced value. The anomalies we know of are listed below:

1984 Masters Annual 

Since 1978 Augusta National has been producing a hard cover “Masters Annual” each year which recounts that year’s tournament in detail. As with everything associated with Augusta National it is very high quality and artfully done. An error occurred in The Masters 1984 (D & J A13757), the year Ben Crenshaw won his first green jacket. The Annual was produced with the binding upside down from the internal text. Not all the 1984 Annuals were printed in error. It is not known how many incorrect editions were produced. I’m sure the leadership on Washington Road was not pleased with the error. Hopefully “Gentle Ben” can forgive us for dubbing this version of the book the “Inverted Benny.”

1984 Masters Annual Invert

The Confidential Guide to Golf Courses

The first trade edition of the Confidential Guide to Golf Courses by Tom Doak (D & J D15550) was printed in 1996 by Sleeping Bear Press in an edition of 10,000. This version was subsequent to his three previous limited editions (the first and second were editions of 40 printed on a dot matrix printer). The third edition was printed by Renaissance Golf Design in 1994 in a limited edition of 1,000. The Confidential Guide proved to be so popular that there were second printings done in 1997 or 1998. The second printing included one change, which was adding Stonewall into the Gourmet’s Choice section up front in the book. Because the course names are in alphabetical order, there was a printing error: the text for Garden City Golf Club was duplicated for Durban Country Club. This was fixed when it was noticed and as Doak says, “…anybody who sent their book back got a replacement, but there are still some “error” books out there.” This second printing was done in a run of 2,000.


The Game of Golf and the Printed Word, 1566-1985

When Joe Murdoch and Dick Donovan cataloged golf books in their seminal work The Game of Golf and the Printed Word (D & J D17980) they rejected the first version the printer produced because it was done with defects. Apparently, the printer sold the production without authority, thus “counterfeit” copies of the book circulated. The error was in the binding of the first folio which did not ‘catch’ on the binder and thus appeared crooked.

donovan murdoch

Five Lessons : The Modern Fundamentals of Golf

The first edition of Five Lessons, Ben Hogan’s popular instructional book published in 1957 by A.S. Barnes contains a pretty grave error when Hogan states in the opening paragraph that one of the best shots he ever hit was the 2-iron in the 1950 U.S. Open at Merion to get into a playoff. On the first page of content (page 13 of the book), he says, “I went with a two-iron and played what was in my honest judgment one of the best shots of my last round.” Wait a minute, then why does the USGA Museum have his 1-iron and why does the plaque on the eighteenth hole at Merion have say he hit a one-iron? As James Dodson recounts in his award winning biography of Hogan, he insisted that he hit a one-iron and that the book contains a typographical error (of biblical proportions considering how many copies were sold). The “typographical error” is still in current editions of the book, making it one of the most long-standing errors in publishing history and perpetuating the erroneous club.


Five Lessons Hogan


89 Years in a Sand Trap by Fred Beck, published by Hill and Wang, third edition 1966 also has an inverted binding.

Please let us know if you know of other golf books that have errors or anomalies and we will add them to the list.

Website of Valuable Book Group, specialists in golf books

Best Selling Golf Books

July 2, 2014

Each quarter we update the list of the top 10 best selling golf books as sold on Amazon. Click on the either the text of the image of the book to buy through Amazon.

Never has the top 10 list included such a heavy tilt toward instruction and game improvement with the first eight of ten books devoted to the subject.  As of July 2014:

1. Ben Hogan’s Five Lessons: The Modern Fundamentals of Golf by Ben Hogan, published 1990. Originally published in 1957 and still very relevent today, simple and easy to understand.

2. Fearless Golf: Conquering the Mental Game by Dr. Gio Valiante, published 2005. Focuses on improving the mental game and taking the fear of failure out of your game.

3. Dave Pelz’s Short Game Bible: Master the Finesse Swing and Lower Your Score (Dave Pelz Scoring Game) by Dave Pelz, published 1999. Pelz competed against Jack Nicklaus as an amateur and decided it would be too hard to compete, so went into science instead. The rocket man now flies around on his own private jet he has been so successful at instruction.

4. Harvey Penick’s Little Red Book: Lessons And Teachings From A Lifetime In Golf by Harvey Penick, published in 2012. Widsom for golf and for life from the wee Texan.

5. Golf: How to Consistently Break 90 by Robert Phillips, published in 2013. An admirable goal that almost no golfers achieve consistently.

6. The Frustrated Golfer’s Handbook: 50 Mental Golf Tricks to Get You Back on Course … Fast by Darrin Gee, published 2014. Another one focused on improving the mental side of the game.

7. Golf Flow by Gio Valiente, published 2013. Two books among the most popular with golfers, Gio must be doing something right.

8. Every Shot Counts: Using the Revolutionary Strokes Gained Approach to Improve Your Golf Performance and Strategy by Mark Broadie, published in 2014. Broadie is a professor at Columbia Business School.

9. Arnie, Seve, and a Fleck of Golf History: Heroes, Underdogs, Courses, and Championships by Bill Fields, published in 2014.

10. The Big Miss: My Years Coaching Tiger Woods by Hank Haney, published in 2013. An insider’s look at Tiger’s personality if it is even possible.

Website of Valuable Book Group, specialists in golf books.


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